How to Backup Windows 10

Learn how to backup Windows 10 computer with built-in tool and with computer backup software in simple steps.

Dec 30,2019 • Filed to: Take Data Backup • Proven solutions


Windows 10 is the latest version of Windows released by Microsoft. Numerous new features have been included in it while some of the features it borrows from Windows 8 have been vastly improved too. The prime example of this is the backup feature. You have plenty of option available to backup Windows 10. By using these options, you can ensure that your precious data doesn’t go to waste if your hard drive crashes or gets infected by a virus or malware.

Part 1: What is a backup?

Backup can be done in a number of different ways. There are multiple types of backups that can be performed to preserve important data. The following are the two main types of data backup.

1. File backup

File backup deals with the backup of files or group of files that are of the highest importance to you. These files might include private videos and photos or documents that are critical for your business or work. It is highly recommended that you invest in an external hard drive as it can help in storing file backups and ensure the safety of your important files.

2. System backup

A system backup is a backup of the entire system, including your operating system, all of your files, programs and settings. System backups can help you in restoring your PC just the way it was before your hard drive crashed. This type of backup can occupy a great deal of space. However, if an incremental backup is done then the storage space required can be greatly minimized since it would only backup files which have been changed since the last backup.

Part 2: How to perform file backup and system backup with built-in tool

1. Use File History

File History is the inbuilt backup tool provided in Windows 10 which can be used to perform both file and system backup in Windows 10. The following is a step-by-step guide which can be used to backup Windows 10 using File History.

Step 1 Setup File History by clicking on Settings option after opening the Start Menu.

Step 2Choose Update & Security option from the Settings menu and then open the Backup section by clicking on its option.

backup system with file history - step 1

Step 3 Click on the + icon present in front of the Add a drive option and choose the external hard drive connected to your PC which is to be used for backup storage.

backup system with file history - step 2

Step 4After the external drive is added, you will see the option ‘Automatically backup my files’ replacing the ‘Add a Drive’ option. This option needs to be kept on for creating automatic backups in the future.

Step 5 Click the ‘More options’ link to open a new window in which you can start backing up by clicking the Back up now button and choose the backup frequency and the time duration for which you want to keep your backups.

backup system with file history

Step 6 File History backs up folders included in the main User Account of the PC. Additional folders can be added to the backup list by clicking the + icon present in front of the Add a folder option.

backup system with file history - step 6

Step 7 In addition to adding additional folders to the backup list, File History allows you to exclude certain unnecessary folders from this list too. Click the + icon present in front of the Add a folder option to choose the folder you want to be excluded from the backup list.

backup system with file history - step 7

Part 3: How to Backup Windows 10 with Cloud Storage Services

Cloud storage services can be used to backup Windows 10 as well. The following are two of the most widely used cloud storage services that can be used for this purpose.

1. Microsoft's own OneDrive

OneDrive is Microsoft’s own cloud storage service which is built into Windows 10. You can use this cloud storage platform for storing your backup folders and can have them restored just as easily from there if you need them.

microsoft onedrive backup software

2. Dropbox

Dropbox is another cloud storage service which can help you in backing up Windows 10. It is considered as one of the safest cloud storage platforms and can keep your backup files safe for years and years.

Dropbox backup software

Part 4: How to do System Backups in Windows 10

1. With System Restore tool

System Restore tool can be used for the purpose of performing a system backup in Windows 10. With this feature, you can create periodic snapshots of your apps, OS and data. However, do keep in mind that you need to turn on this feature in order to benefit from it. To enable the System Restore feature, you need to open the Properties menu by right-clicking on the ‘This PC’ icon. Next, you have to select Configure option available under the System Protection tab. In the window that appears, click the option ‘Turn on system protection’. After that, choose the amount of space you want to dedicate for system restore and then click ‘OK’.

2. Creating a System Image

Creation of a system image is another method that can be used for doing a system backup in Windows 10. To create a system image, you will have to open the Control Panel and then navigate to the System and Security tab. Under this tab, you will find a Backup and Restore option. Clicking this option will open up a window in which an option for creating a system image can be located on the left-hand side panel. Choosing this option will create an exact replica of your system including personal files and programs stored on the computer as well as Windows 10.

Part 5: How to Backup Windows 10 with AOMEI Backupper

AOMEI Backupper is a safe and secure backup tool which offers multiple types of data backup to you. It enables you to perform data backups of various types.

AOMEI Backupper backup software

Data backup is extremely important since it keeps your data safe. Moreover, it also provides you the opportunity to have your precious data restored in the event of a hard drive failure. This is why it is necessary that you backup Windows 10 using either the inbuilt backup tool or the third party backup tools that are available on the internet. If you don’t backup your Windows, you are going to lose all your data for sure and won’t be able to get any of it back. 

data backup
  • Allows you to take automatic, full, incremental and differential backups of system, disk, partition and files.
  • Supports system restore, disk restore, dissimilar hardware restore, partition restore and selective file restore.
  • Supports disk clone, partition/volume clone, flexible clone, system clone and command line clone.
  • Can schedule file sync for real-time data backup to internal hard disks and external hard drives.
  • Offers additional essential utilities - PXE boot tool, merge backup images, encrypt image, etc.
  • Supports Windows 10, Windows 8.1/8, Windows 7, Vista, and XP (all editions, 32/64-bit)

Amy Dennis

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