Don’t know what Solaris is? Don’t worry about that. I guess most people don’t know about it too. Before writing this article, I started to learn about Solaris. This article covers 3 parts, tells you what Solaris is, its history, and steps to do disk formatting on Solaris.
Solaris is a UNIX Operating System historically developed as proprietary software it is originally developed by the Sun Microsystems. Oracle Solaris, as it is now known has been owned by Oracle Corporation. One OS backed by the industry’s most comprehensive and cost-effective support built from a single source base and features the same interfaces on any supported platform This means that applications developed for SPARC systems can be easily recompiled for X86 systems and vice versa, Solaris can span the Web tier, the data warehouse, and the most demanding technical compute applications.
Solaris is free, the entitlement to run it comes either with a Sun system or for 3rd party systems the entitlement comes with a support contract.
Solaris is a UNIX System.
Before discussing the History of Solaris OS you need to read a brief history of UNIX Operating System
UNIX, it is not one Operating System but, many implementations of an idea, the UNIX is created in the year 1965. It is not developed by a single company with a large marketing organization, like (“Microsoft Windows”). The UNIX is created by a group of mathematicians and computer scientists employed by the research center, Bell Laboratories.
In 1975 two graduate students, Bill Joy and Chuck Haley got involved with version 6 of UNIX and later played an important role in the development of UNIX system on Berkeley; Joy put together a distribution of UNIX called the Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD).
In the year 1979 the version 7 was the last clean version of UNIX.
In the early 1980s Joy Left Berkeley with a master’s degree in electrical engineering, and became cofounder of Sun Microsystems based on BSD. And it is called SunOS
1993 was the year that the Sun announced that SunOS, release 4.1.4, would be the last release of an Operating System based on BSD
1995 Sun introduces Java, the first universal platform. In the past few years before java the only programming language that is known on all UNIX kernel and also windows was C.
After a year Solaris, Sun’s SRV4 implementation was created. It is also referred to as SunOS 5.x.
2001 and beyond, many hardware vendors have buried the hatchet and, for the sake of users, are moving their implementations of UNIX to SRV4-compliant. SVR4 will clearly be the dominant flavour of UNIX across most major platforms. Solaris is the most popular UNIX.
The latest version of Solaris as of now is the Solaris11
This Guide provides instructions for installing Oracle Solaris 11 operating system with step by step screenshots.
*1. The first step is to boot Oracle Solaris from a live media, before installing Oracle Solaris, determine whether your system’s devices are supported look for the Hardware Compatibility at http://www.oracle.com/webfolder/technetwork/hcl/index.html
After checking the Hardware Compatibility you should create a live media. There are a lot of tools on the internet that lets you create a live media from an ISO file. A great example is the Rufus v1.4 (Figure 1.1) lets you create a bootable USB. You could also burn the Solaris Live Media on a DVD.
Figure 1.1(Rufus USB live media maker)
*2.After creating the live media you can now install your System. Press “ESC” key to boot from live media after booting choose a keyboard layout, there are 47 keyboard layouts available, to select a Keyboard Layout type the number of your choice.
Do the same thing to choose the Language you would like to use.
*3.The Installation menu will now appear then choose “Install Oracle Solaris” by entering the number ‘1’.
*4.After a few seconds there will be a Menu that let’ s you choose where you would like to install the Solaris. Choose a Disk Partition.
*5.Then enter the name for your computer, and at the same time configure your network either automatically or manually you could also choose “none” if you don’t have internet connection.
Base on my experience it is better that you configure your network to receive the latest update for your Operating System
*6.Select the Country of your choice.
*7.For the final Step you should configure your User Account Settings.
And finally you completed your Solaris Installation