The stop code fat file system is one of the Blue Screen of Death errors. It occurs when your PC restarts itself to prevent any damage. It is a serious error and can occur repeatedly.
Several reasons can cause this BSOD error. The most common reason for this error is the newly installed hardware. Other reasons can be a recently upgraded system, corrupted or damaged drivers, corrupted and damaged file systems, malware, and virus. No matter what, we will try to help you fix the error using the following methods. Let us explore.
Although fixing BSOD errors are not difficult, you will need a different approach toward separate problems. If you are encountering the Fat file system stop code, you need to be aware of the reason first. Then, you can proceed to solve the error by following the instruction.
One of the reasons that cause BSOD errors is old and damaged Windows drivers. If you want to update your Drivers, check the following steps.
Step 1: First and foremost, open the "Run" dialogue box by pressing "Windows key" and "R" together. Then, write "devmgmt.msc" command and click "Ok."
Step 2: Once you open the "Device Manager" window, you have to click on the drop-down button of the "Display adapters" option.
Step 3: Once you see the list of drivers, choose one by right-clicking it. And now, you have to click on the "Update Driver software" option.
Step 4: In the next window, you need to select the "Search automatically for updated driver software" button.
Step 5: It will update your old driver software. Once the process is finished, restart your computer to check if this has solved the issue.
However, if the driver is not updating, you need to uninstall the driver. For this, choose "Uninstall" while clicking on the target driver. Reboot your computer, and Windows will download the latest version of the driver automatically.
Faulty and incompatible hardware can be another reason for this stop code error. In this case, you have to scan your computer to check for any possible damaged hardware. If you find any incompatible hardware, you have to remove it. The process is as below.
Step 1: You have to unplug all the devices connected to the computer except the basic necessary devices (such as boot drive, keyboard, and mouse). Restart your computer to check if the problem persists.
Step 2: If the problem is solved, it indicates that one of the removed hardware is faulty. To check this, plug in the hardware tools one by one and check which is causing the issue.
Step 3: Once you have found the damaged hardware, double-check it by connecting it with another PC. If the problem persists, remove this hardware.
If there is any configuration error, damage, or compatibility issue with your device drivers, it can cause many errors. One of such is the stop code fat file system, which you can solve with the "Driver verifier." To run this, you are required to follow the given steps.
Step 1: At first, you have to reboot your computer from the Windows Installation media. Then, set the preferred settings, and in the "Windows Setup" tab, click on "Repair Your Computer."
Step 2: Now, you have to choose "Troubleshoot," and then "Advanced Options" and "Command Prompt."
Step 3: Now, write "verifier" on the "Command Prompt" tab and press "Enter."
Step 4: It will, then, open the "Driver Verifier Manager" page. Under the "Select a Task" section, you have to choose the "Create standard settings" option.
Step 5: Once you click on "Next," you have to select the driver that you want to verify. You are required to click on "Automatically select all drivers installed on this computer" and click on the "Finish" option.
This will end the process and scan for errors automatically. After that, you have to reboot your computer. Once that is done, the tool will analyze all the drivers for the issues. It will inform you if there is any problem.
To solve an issue like the Fat file system stop code, you can use the integrated troubleshooter of Windows 10. You will be able to use that by following the given steps.
Step 1: Firstly, you have to open the "Settings" app from the "Start" menu and open the "Update and Security" option.
Step 2: Now, you are required to click on the "Troubleshoot" option on the left-side menu.
Step 3: After that, you need to select the "BSOD" option and click on the "Run the troubleshooter" option.
Step 4: Instruction will appear on the screen. You need to follow it to complete the troubleshooting process.
System File Checker is a very useful troubleshooting tool if you want to check the corrupt and damaged files. You can run the SFC scan, and for that, follow the simple steps given below.
Step 1: To open the "Run" dialogue box, press the "windows key" and "R" together. Write the "cmd" command to open "Command Prompt" and run this as an administrator.
Step 2: Now, you have to write the "sfc/scannow" command. Press "enter" to start the process.
Step 3: SFC will scan and repair the faulty files. Once the process is finished, reboot your PC to find out if the problem is gone.
Deployment Image Servicing and Management, or DISM, is another troubleshooting tool. If your system has faulty system images, the DISM command can find and repair them. For that, follow the simple steps.
Step 1: At first, open "Command Prompt" and run it as an administrator.
Step 2: Now, you need to write this command and press enter: "DISM /Online /Cleanup-Image /RestoreHealth" command.
Step 3: Once the process has ended, restart your computer to check the issue.
You can run this with the Windows Installation media also. In that case, you have to write different commands. And they are respectively:
You have to press "Enter" after writing each command. Replace the "X" in the third command with the letter of the target Drive.
One of the most common reasons for the fat file system stop code is a faulty hard drive. In this case, disconnect your second hard drive and try to start Windows 10 without it. You can perform this step if you have more than one hard drive in your computer.
To open the hard drive, you have to open the computer cabinet. You have to disconnect the power cable that is connecting the hard drive. Do not open the drive that has Windows installed in it. Also, remove the memory card and USB drives.
If the issue is solved this way, it indicates you have a faulty hard drive. To check that which one is causing the error, connect the drives one by one and check the problem.
Folder protection software can interfere with your hard drives. It, in turn, can cause a fat file system stop code. If you are using such tools, you can uninstall them from the PC.
If you are facing problem in accessing the Windows due to the BSOD, you need to start safe mode. That way, you can uninstall folder protection software.
Step 1: At first, restart your computer, while it is booting, and repeat the process until the computer starts the "Automatic Repair" process.
Step 2: Now, you have to choose, respectively, "Troubleshoot," "Advanced Options," and "Startup settings." Then, you need to click on "Restart."
Step 3: Once that is done, you are required to press F4/F5 to access "Safe Mode with Networking."
If your antivirus software is not compatible with your system, it can cause such stop code errors. If you are facing the fat file system error, remove the currently installed antivirus. If that fixes the issue, it indicates that your antivirus program is incompatible.
In that case, uninstall your antivirus software with a dedicated uninstaller. Then, you can install software that is compatible with your system.
Bad sectors in hard drives can cause such stop codes. To check hard drives, you have to create a bootable media at first. Plug the bootable media with your PC, and boot the system with it. Then, you can check the hard drives for any problem.
Another troubleshooting tool to fix any error with system files is the "Check Disk" command. You can run the command with the following steps.
Step 1: First and foremost, open "Command Prompt" and run it as an administrator. Then, in the command box window, write the "chkdsk c: /f" command.
Step 2: Press "Enter" to initiate the process. You can replace "c" with the letter where your system is located.
This process will check and repair the files and hard disks. Once the process is done, you have to restart your PC.
If nothing can solve the issue, you need to reset your Windows 10. This will remove all installed files, so you need to keep backups. To reset your PC, check the steps given below.
Step 1: Start the Automatic Repair by restarting your computer several times.
Step 2: Now, you are required to click on "Troubleshoot" and then "Reset this PC."
Step 3: Now, you are required to select an option between "Keep my files" and "Remove everything" options.
Step 4: Wait for the process to finish and perform a clean reinstall.
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Windows stop code Fat File System is not difficult to work with, although severe. If you follow the instruction, it will usually fix this issue. However, losing data is, of course, not preferable. Hence, Wondershare introduces the Recoverit application. Download this application from the official website so that you can restore almost every data from any device.