“A while back, while installing a fresh copy of Windows 10 on my HP computer, I got the error: Windows cannot be installed to this MBR disk. Can someone tell me how to fix it?”
As surprising as it might sound, getting the MBR/GPT compatibility errors on Windows is pretty common. For instance, if you are trying to install a newer version of Windows on an MBR disk, then you can get an error stating: Windows cannot be installed to this MBR disk. On the EFI system, Windows can only be installed on GPT disks. Don’t worry, in this post, I will help you diagnose this issue and fix it by formatting the disk in the GPT partition style.
Before we discuss how to resolve the “The selected disk is of GPT partition style” error, let’s quickly understand the difference between MBR and GTP.
MBR: MBR, which stands for Master Boot Record, is a dedicated boot sector that is located at the beginning of the storage unit. Therefore, it is the first sector in the media that stores information about the operating system and booting sequence. The only issue is that the MBR style can only hold up to 4 partitions and manage the maximum of 2 TB disk storage.
GPT: GPT (Global Unique Identifier Partition Table) is also a partitioning style, but it is considered more advanced than MBR. While it also stores the booting data and sequence, it can surpass the storage and partition limitations of MBR and is mostly used to install the latest operating systems.
Ideally, Windows installation can be divided into two categories: Legacy or UEFI. The legacy installation is done for older versions of Windows (like Windows XP or Vista) and it supports MBR partitioning style. Therefore, if you are trying to install a legacy system on the GPT drive, then you would get the Windows cannot be installed to this disk GPT error.
Similarly, if you are trying to install the UEFI system to an MBR disk, then you would be asked to format it in the GPT partition style instead. Besides that, if the disk storage is greater than 2 TB or you want to create more than 4 partitions, then MBR would not be able to support that. In these cases, users get the“Windows cannot be installed to this MBR disk. The selected disk is of GPT partition style” error.
As you can see, the “Windows cannot be installed on this MBR disk” can happen due to different reasons. Ideally, you can fix it in two ways – you can either format the disk in the GPT partition style or choose to install a legacy system instead.
Since the MBR partitioning style does not support the UEFI boot mode, you can manually change it to the Legacy option. Here’s how you can fix the “Windows cannot be installed to this disk” issue by changing the boot mode.
If you want to continue with the UEFI boot mode on your computer, then you can simply format the drive in the GPT partition style. For this, you can take the assistance of Disk Management, which is an inbuilt utility tool in Windows. To learn how you can fix the “The selected disk is of GPT partition style” on your computer, follow these steps:
If you want, you can also take the assistance of Command Prompt and the Disk Partition command to change the partitioning scheme of the disk. At first, this will remove the existing data on the disk and can later change its partitioning style. To fix the issue and change the scheme to the GPT partition style on your system, follow these instructions:
If you are avoiding converting the disk and looking for a simpler technique to get through this troubling situation. You need to disable EFI boot sources and your problem will be solved. Here are the steps you can follow to implement this method;
Step 1: First of all, you need to reboot your computer.
Step 2: Moving on, press the corresponding BIOS key again and again. To find the key, you can read the system’s motherboard manual. In many laptops and computers, it is F2.
Step 3: Find out the Boot Order Section and try to disable EFI boot sources. After this, save the changes you have made.
Step 4: Once EFI boot sources are disabled, try installing the windows again.
Step 5: Once the Windows is installed successfully, you need to go back into the BIOS and re-enable EFI boot sources.
Before conducting this method, make sure you’ve made a backup of your important files. All your files will be deleted in this process.
While you are installing Windows, you will witness a dialog on your screen that will ask you about the hard drive on which you want to install the operating system. Now, choose the partition you want to reformat and later select the delete option. Moving on, create a new partition in the GPT style. After completing this procedure, your Windows will be installed successfully.
Suppose you are in favor of utilizing an external hard drive to install Windows in the system’s hard drive, it is advised that you use a 2.0 USB flash drive. Wondering why we’ve suggested a 2.0 USB but not a 3.0 USB flash drive? 2.0 USB flash drive will allow you to boot using MBR or Legacy. Users around the world prefer using a 2.0 USB flash drive as it’s much efficient when it comes to Windows installation.
Modern motherboards are capable of supporting both the UEFI and Legacy Boot modes turned on. If you still have any doubts, you can confirm them in the BIOS. In case you are installing from a disk, a message may pop up on your screen stating “Press any key to boot from disk.” Don’t press any of the keys and calmly wait. When the message pops up for the second time, press any key to select the designated device from which you want to boot.
As you can see, while fixing the “The selected disk is of GPT partition style”, you might end up losing some data. To get it back, you can use Wondershare Recoverit Data Recovery, which is one of the best data recovery tools. It can help you recover lost, deleted, or inaccessible files under every possible scenario.
There you go! I’m sure that after reading this post, you would be able to fix the “Windows cannot be installed to this MBR disk” issue pretty easily. I have provided solutions to change the Boot Mode or format the disk to the GPT partition style. Though, if you have formatted the drive in the process, then Recoverit Data Recovery would be an ideal solution. A user-friendly DIY application, it can get back all kinds of lost and deleted data from your system like a pro.
If you want to change MBR layout to GPT there are several methods. One of the most common and simple is to do it through Disk Management. You just have to run the application; right click on the disk you want to change the layout and select "Convert to GPT Disk".
EFI system partition is a space that is present on a storage device and is created automatically when an operating system is installed, it contains bootloaders, device drivers, and key files for Windows to start. Although the EFI system partition can be removed, it is not suggested to do so, as the boot of the computer would have severe problems.
Windows 10 supports both partition layouts. What a user should take into account is knowing the hardware to determine which one to use. In ordinary circumstances, GPT is better for new computers, so it is more common to use it in Windows 10. On the other hand, if you have an old computer with a disk with a short storage capacity, MBR may be a better option.
UEFI needs to use GPT partitions to manage system boot. However, you can go into UEFI and change some settings to start Windows through Legacy. On the other hand, if you don't want to use the MBR partition as a boot partition then you should be able to use it without any problem on EFI systems.
Under normal circumstances yes. Unless you have an old computer, UEFI is a better option not only because it is a newer and updated boot mode, but it is faster, and thanks to GPT layout, supports an infinite number of partitions, supports disks larger than 2TB and has more advanced features of safety that protect your information and devices.