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USB 3.0 is Slow on Windows 10. Learn How to Fix Slow USB Transfer Speed!

Wondershare Recoverit Authors

Jan 15, 2024 • Filed to: USB Recovery • Proven solutions

USB 3.0 as the name indicates is the 3rd major upgrade of the Universal Serial Bus standard for interfacing with electronic devices and computers. Its main highlight is the Superspeed USB in which the file transferring speed is improved to 625MB/s (5Gbit/s), which is about 10 times faster than the standard USB 2.0.

The successors of the USB 3.0 standard are USB 3.1 and USB 3.2 which were released in 2013 and 2017 respectively.

However, issues with your computer may arise where you will see a dip in USB 3.0 speeds. You might be using USB 3.0 compatible devices, but you will see speeds nowhere near what USB 3.0 promises.

In this guide, we will help you fix USB transfer speeds and get the best possible USB 3.0 transfer speeds.

Part 1: What causes slow USB transfer speeds?

Slow transfer speeds of USB 3.0 are without a doubt an annoying scenario especially when you have a big file to be transferred. The transfer speeds usually depend upon the reading speeds of the source device, transfer speed of the USB port, and the writing speed of the target device. But some other issues can be solved to attain maximum speed for file transfer.

1. Outdated drivers

A USB 3.0 on Windows 10 should be allowing the transfer of files at least 100 to 200 Mb per second, and if that is not the case, it may due to outdated drivers. The updates are automatically installed if you regularly update your OS and if that’s not the case we can check for updates manually and install them.

Open the device manager by pressing the Windows key and ‘X’ together. Now, click the Universal Serial Bus controllers option and from the expansion below right-click on the USB driver and select Update Driver. Follow the onscreen instructions until the update is complete.

2. Faulty hard drive

Another reason for the slow transfer speeds of USB 3 can be because of faulty hard drives. Hard drives can get accumulated with a lot of junk and unwanted files over time which may lead to its slowing down. Bad sectors and corrupted system files also contribute largely to slowing down.

To solve this problem a lot of software are available in the market which can be installed freely. These software scans the hard disk and delete all the junk files as well as fix the problems

Another easy way to fix the hard drive is to completely format it, in which case you will lose all the data stored in your PC.

3. USB connection not proper

Make sure that the USB drive is properly connected to the USB port and is held intact. Improper connections can lead to slow transfer speeds as well as the loss of data during transfer. Make sure that you have connected the USB device properly into the USB port.

4. The computer runs on an older version of windows

Another reason for slow transfer speeds is if the operating system is not updated. The first check for any Windows Updates through the desktop search bar. It will scan for a few minutes and let you know if any updates are available. If any updates pop up, install them and restart your computer to get the best possible speeds.

Part 2: How to Improve Slow USB Transfer Speed?

There are steps that you can follow to get your devices optimized. These steps are safe and don’t cause any harm to the device. Let us look at some of the best ways to improve slow USB transfer speeds.

Method 1: Connect the USB to Rear Port (Only for Desktop)

The desktop usually has more than 2 USB ports situated on the front and back of the CPU. Usually, the external drives are connected to the front as it is more convenient. However, they can get slower because they don’t have direct contact with the motherboard.

To ensure faster transfer speeds, try connecting to the ports at the back as they are directly soldered to the motherboard and run of the chipset. Also, the ports at the back have a more stable power supply

Method 2: Update the USB Drivers

Updating the driver to the latest version can increase the speed.

Step 1: In Windows 10, click the ‘Windows key’ and ‘X’ simultaneously. Select Device Manager from the menu.

Step 2: Expand the ‘Disk drives’ option and right-click on the desired USB drive. Click Update Driver.

usb transfer speed slow 1

Method 3: Enable USB 3.0 Port

Check whether you are using the 2.0 interface. If so, upgrade it to 3.0 and enjoy speed 10 times faster than 2.0.

Method 4: Use Device Manager to Optimize the Performance of the USB

The Quick removal data transfer policy is used by Windows for USB drives by default. This can result in slow transfer speeds as it disables write caching on the device. This feature can be disabled for better performances.

Follow the steps below:

Step 1: Open Device Manager and find your USB drive from ‘Disk drives’. Right-click on the USB drive and choose Properties.

Step 2: Select the Policies tab and click Better performance. Tick the ‘Enable write caching on the device’

usb transfer speed slow 2

Method 5: Format USB 3.0 from FAT32 to exFAT or NTFS

The file system influences the performance of an external drive. Even though the USB drive comes with the FAT32 file system by default, it can be formatted to NTFS or exFAT. In windows 10, NTFS has proved to work much faster and more efficient for file transfer.

Let us see how you can format a USB drive from FAT32 to exFAT or NTFS

Step 1: Connect the USB device to the computer.

Step 2: Once it is detected by the computer, right-click on the USB drive icon

Step 3: Click on Properties

Step 4: Navigate to the File System option in the General Tab.

Step 5: You will see an option to change the file format here. Choose NTFS or exFAT based on your preference.

Once you have completed all these processes, you will be able to enjoy fast transfer speed on your USB 3.0 on Windows 10.

Part 3: How to Export, Backup and Restore Your Data from USB

Whether it be updating the drivers or formatting them, data loss is a factor to consider. Some people might have important files, photos, videos, etc. that can’t be risked. There might also be some files that are found missing or lost. So we must back up the necessary files to avoid the risk of losing it and in case some files or data are lost, the recovery app will come handy.

There are a variety of apps available for the backup and recovery of data online and Recoverit Data Recovery is one of the best and trusted apps among them.

Recoverit is used by more than 5 million users since 2003. It supports above 1000 formats and allows you to restore almost everything, from emails to videos, on your USB, hard drive, PC, etc.

usb transfer speed slow 3

Recover Data from External Devices

The Recoverit Data Recovery Software is the best choice you can go for if you need to get back any lost data from an external device like a USB 3.0 on your Windows 10 computer.

The software comes with tons of features that will help you with all things related to data recovery and management. The Recoverit app helps you to:

deleted data recovery

Recoverit Data Recovery - The Best File Recovery Software

  • Recover files from windows
  • Do advanced video recovery
  • Recover files from an external device
  • Repair corrupted videos

Let us have a detailed look at how to recover files from an external device such as a USB 3.0.

Step 1. Switch on your PC and connect the USB 3.0 or external device

The external device must be connected to the computer before launching the Recoverit app. Make sure that the drive is detected by the computer.

Step 2. Open the Recoverit app and select the external device

Open the Recoverit application and select the external device as the target location to get back the lost/deleted files. Hit the START button at the bottom


external device recovery

Step 3: Scanning the external device

An overall scan of the external storage device will be launched once you click the Start button. Have patience and wait for the scan to complete.

scan external device

Step 4: Preview of files and recovery

Once the scanning process is completed you will be able to see the results and preview them. To save the files, tap Recover and save them to the desired location.

preview recovered photos

As new technologies are discovered we get to have better, faster, and smoother use of electronic devices. The USB 3.0 is such a technological advancement from USB 2.0. We now know a variety of ways to boost the speed of transferring files and also the importance of using apps likee Recoverit for the complete and safe backup and recovery of our important files.

Recoverit author

Sue Wayne

staff Editor

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