9 Fixes to Resolve Lenovo Laptop or ThinkPad Black Screen Issue

“I have a ThinkPad t61 which I really like, but now it is stuck with a permanent black screen. Is it worth getting it fixed?”

Have you ever faced a situation in which you opened your laptop or ThinkPad and saw nothing but a constant black screen? Looks disaster, right? But don't worry. Your Lenovo desktop's black screen is not a big issue to solve! There could be various reasons for this issue. It could be a loose GPU connection, a damaged port, a faulty display, or any other.

So, to help you solve this issue, the article provides all the essential information about the possible reasons that lead to the Lenovo ThinkPad black screen, and effective methods to fix the issue. Moreover, it also offers a reliable way to recover data from a crashed system. Let's get it!

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Part 1: Reasons for Lenovo Laptop or ThinkPad Black Screen

Now, the fact that your Lenovo laptop's black screen could result from numerous possible reasons sometimes makes it difficult to find the real cause. Here're some of the key factors that lead to such problems:

1. Hardware Errors Like Disk Errors or Graphical Card Errors

As seen in many cases, one of the common causes of your Lenovo laptop's black screen is related to hardware glitches in different components. Over time internal cables in your laptop wear out, and a damaged internal cable might cause the problem. Moreover, overheating your laptop might a graphics card crash, which would have corrupted your video display.

2. Windows OS Gets Abnormal

Sometimes, due to some bad sectors in a hard disk, the program files of your operating system get corrupted. While there are various reasons why that happens in the first place, often an issue during the 'saving' process leads to corruption in the operating system. A sudden surge in power could influence the easy functioning of Windows OS.

3. Faulty Laptop Battery

The faulty battery could also be a possible reason for your Lenovo Ideapad Black Screen. Unplug the charger from the battery source, and if your laptop suddenly goes blank, then it's a battery issue. Try to replace your battery with a working one for confirmation.

4. Faulty Laptop Display

Can a faulty battery cause a black screen? Yes, it could! If the power supply network has any issues, it might be responsible for Lenovo ThinkPad black screen issue.

5. Device Overheating Continually

A very common reason for your laptop’s black screen is your device getting overheated. This may occur because of dust, dirt, hair, or grime stuck across your laptop’s fan, which makes it difficult for it to cool down the laptop properly.

6. Issues with Power Supply

You might wonder how the power supply would lead to such a situation. Issues with the power supply can make your Lenovo screen turn black, which can cause quite a lot of problems for you.

More information about the "black screen" error: How to Fix Black Screen on Windows 10 with Cursor Issue?

9 Fixes to Lenovo Laptop or ThinkPad Black Screen Issue

As mentioned earlier, even when a Lenovo laptop's black screen seems like a huge issue, it is not. Only if you know various aspects of the issue will you be able to solve the problem. Here are the nine effective methods that can resolve the problem.

Fix 1. Reset the Display or Screen Mode

Most of the time, the black screen is only a minor glitch that your laptop witnesses. It happens when the Windows operating system loses its connection to the screen display. The following instructions will help you reset the display mode whenever this kind of issue occurs.

Step: Tap on Windows + Control + Shift + B keys simultaneously.


This will reset the connections, and the Windows OS may regain the display. Once done, check if it works, and you could see the normal display on your Lenovo laptop. If the above method doesn't solve your problem, move to the next option.

Fix 2. Connecting External Monitor to Test the Display

If the previous method for resetting the display doesn't work, it could be a display issue. To test if your laptop screen is faulty, you need a monitor and HDMI DVI or a VGA cable compatible with your laptop. Follow the instructions below to check the display,

Step 1: Connect the monitor and your Lenovo laptop using an HDMI cable.


Step 2: Turn on your external monitor and the laptop. Wait for some time till it boots.

Step 3: Now, click on the 'Fn' key and the 'CRT/LCD' tab (either F5 or F8). Keep on clicking on it until the content of your laptop is displayed on the external monitor.


If it opens on the external display, you can save all the data on an external hard drive and get your laptop's display fixed.

Fix 3. Disconnect the Non-Essential Peripherals Devices

As seen in many cases, sometimes the peripheral devices such as external hard drives and printers affect the smooth functioning of the laptops. From device incompatibility to corrupt hardware devices, it could be a result of anything. If your external device has a virus and you connect that device to your laptop unknowingly, that too can jeopardize your laptop's functioning.

disconnect your peripheral devices

If that's the case, you might need to remove the non-essential peripheral devices and see if your Lenovo laptop's black screen issue is solved.

Fix 4. Hard Reset Your Lenovo Laptop

Just like non-peripheral devices, peripheral devices can also result in your Lenovo ThinkPad black screen issue. Have you noticed some dots spinning in the boot-up process? If yes, then you should do a hard reset on your laptop to check it. The following steps will guide you to do so.

Step 1: Make sure you shut down your Lenovo laptop first.

Step 2: Unplug the power cords from your laptop. Gently, remove the battery and disconnect all the peripheral devices from the system.

remove your laptop battery

Step 3: Let your laptop idle for 30-40 seconds.

Step 4: Now, long-press on the power button for around 60 seconds.

tap on power button

Step 5: Place the battery back in the laptop and turn it on.

attach the battery with laptop

If your Lenovo laptop boots up properly, it was one of the peripheral devices causing your Lenovo laptop's black screen. Now, connect all your peripheral devices one by one until you reproduce the black screen again. This way, you will know which device was causing the issue. If the issue persists, then the problem could be something else.

Fix 5. Update Your Graphics Driver

Lenovo laptop's black screen can also occur if you use the wrong graphic drivers or an outdated one. But you won't be able to update the driver on a black screen, will you? Well, in this case, you can try turning on your laptop in safe mode. When you start your laptop in safe mode, you may be able to update your graphics driver. Now, follow the steps mentioned below to run your computer in safe mode.

Step 1: Press the power button to turn on your laptop.

Step 2: Press the F8 key continuously while the laptop starts to open.

Step 3: After displaying hardware information, a screen will pop up as 'Advanced Boot Options.'

Step 4: Click on 'Safe mode with Networking and press 'Enter.'


After following all the above steps correctly, it will start Windows in safe mode.

Once the windows successfully open in safe mode, follow the steps below to upgrade graphic drivers.

Step 1: Tap the Windows + R key simultaneously to open the 'Run' dialogue box.

Step 2: Type in 'devmgmt.msc' and press 'Enter,' and it will open 'Device Manager.'


Step 3: Click on 'Display Adapters.' Now, right-click on the graphic card and select 'Properties.'

tap on properties

Step 4: Click on the 'Driver' tab, and tap on the 'Update Driver' option.

click on update driver option

Step 5: Now, tap on 'Search Automatically for Updated driver software.'


The above steps will automatically download and update the graphics driver.

Fix 6. Restart the Explorer.exe Process

Explorer.exe manages various essential operations, including desktop, and taskbar, among others. Now, if it's closed in your system, your desktop and taskbar will become invisible. So, it could be a possible reason for Lenovo's black screen of death.

Step 1: Tap on the Control + Shift + Escape keys to open the task manager.

Step 2: Now, tap on the 'Details' tab (If you're using Windows 7, it might be the 'Processes' tab).

Step 3: Find explorer.exe and click on 'End Task.'


If this solves the Lenovo desktop black screen issue, it's great; otherwise, try the following method.

Fix 7. Disable Fast Start-up

Windows 10 is equipped with an incredible feature called Fast Start-up that makes your system boot up faster. However, it's a tricky method that can also mess up the start-up process. So, if it's enabled on your laptop, this could be the reason why your Lenovo laptop's black screen issue occurred. The steps below will help you to disable it to avoid such incidents.

Step 1: Tap on Windows + R at the same time to open the 'Run' dialogue box.

Step 2: Type in 'powercfg.cpl' and click on 'Enter.' It will open the 'Power Option' tab.

type the command and press enter

Step 3: Now, click on 'Choose what the power buttons do' on the left side of the screen.


Step 4: Select 'Change settings that are currently unavailable.'

Step 5: Now, un-check the box 'Turn on fast start-up.'


Step 6: Click on 'Save Changes' and close Windows.

Fix 8. Reseating the Memory Modules

Reseating the memory module is a procedure in which a RAM chip is removed from the DIMM slots and correctly placed in the slot. It's a typical process used for plenty of laptop issues. These include long start-up time and system reading incorrect memory space, among others. As it is also a useful option in Lenovo laptop black screen issues, follow the steps below to reset the memory module correctly.

Step 1: Take out the battery from the back of your Lenovo Laptop.

Step 2: Remove the screws from the back of your laptop and pull out the service door.

remove your laptop back

Step 3: Now, you will see a memory slot that two arms would hold. Pull both these arms at the same time to release the memory module from the spring tension position.

release the memory module

Step 4: Gently take out the memory module using a clipper from the hatch.

Step 5: Brush the memory slot using a clean cloth, but avoid touching it directly with your hands.

Step 6: Again, line up the notch in the memory module and insert it incorrectly into the slot.

Step 7: Now, slowly push the memory module down until it latches correctly.

push back the module to its place

Step 8: Screw the service door and attach the battery to its position.

Now, check if the black screen issue solves or not. If yes, then great! If not, then read the article as the cause might be something else.

Fix 9. Perform a System Restore

If your Lenovo black screen issue is a recent development, it might have happened because of some new installations or upgrades. These types of system glitches do occur when the new programs are not compatible with your operating system. In such a scenario, a system restoration would be an efficient way to solve the issue. Follow the steps ahead to know how to do so.

Step 1: Press the 'Windows key and write 'System Restore.'

Step 2: Click on 'Create a restore point,' once it opens.

select create a restore point option

Step 3: A window will open up. Click on System Protection -> System Restore.

click on system restore

Step 4: Read the instructions and tap on 'Next.'


Step 5: Now, check the box 'Show more restore points,' select the restore point that you want your system to, and click 'Next.'


Step 6: Click on 'Next' for the coming instructions to complete the system restore process.

Now, restart your computer to see if the issue has been resolved.

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Part 3: Effective Tips for Preventing Lenovo Laptop from Black Screen.

Although you can test out all the necessary solutions to save your Lenovo laptop's black screen, it would be better if you’d know how to prevent it. Black screen issues can get quite fatal in multiple situations; thus, it is important for you to understand the importance of the safety of your appliances. To save yourself from such situations, you can look over the following tips.

  • Ensure that your graphic drivers are up-to-date and running properly.
  • Try not to let your laptop get heated up. Preferably, used cooling pads to prevent it from happening.
  • Run frequent virus scans to keep your laptop free from malware.
  • Do not charge your laptop on low voltage or power surges in your home or workplace.

[Bonus] Recover data from Black Screen Lenovo Laptop or ThinkPad

If the black screen is not caused by damaged hardware, you can recover the inaccessible data on the computer with Recoverit. Even when you can solve the Lenovo laptop black screen issue, you might face data loss from hard drives and turn to Recoverit to get your lost data back. Recoverit Data Recovery software application is one of the best bets to retrieve lost files and data.

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To retrieve the data from your computer, you must first download the application. You will need another working computer and a blank USB drive for crashed data recovery.

Step 1: Start Computer Crash Recovery

First, you need to install Recoverit on a normal computer and then launch it. Next, select 'System Crashed Computer' once the Recoverit application launches on your system.


Step 2: Create a Bootable Drive

Recoverit helps to create bootable media and recover data. For that, use a blank USB drive and connect it to your other system. Make sure that it is easily recognized. Now, click on 'Start' to initiate the process.

Step 3: Select your USB drive

Select a USB drive and tap on the Start button to start.


Step 4: Creating a Bootable Media

Ensure that you don't eject the USB flash drive, as it might take some time to finish the process.


As the process completes, the bootable drive is successfully created.


For more data recovery products: List of Best File Recovery Software for 2023

Step 5: Boot Crashed Computer from USB Drive

Once the USB flash drive is created, insert the bootable drive into your laptop. Press F8 continuously to adjust the BIOS to boot from the USB/CD/DVD drive.

Step 6: Recover Data from Crashed Computer

As the crashed computer becomes bootable again, you can choose the data recovery. Select a hard disk for the scanning and connect a hard drive to your Lenovo laptop. After the scanning process is completed, select a hard drive to connect to your laptop and click on the 'Recover' button to recover data.

click on recover button to recover data

You can preview all the data, whether it is audio, video, document, etc. Make sure you save the recovered data at a secure location.

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For Windows Vista/7/8/10/11

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The Bottom Line

Lenovo's desktop black screen problem can be solved in multiple ways. Especially when you cannot see the content of your laptop might make you anxious. The article helps you understand the possible reasons for some of the effective solutions. Use Recoverit software to recover all the data lost due to the crashing of your Lenovo laptop.

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