A crashed hard drive is when a hard drive stops working and is rendered incapable of carrying out its tasks while usually losing all the data on it. A hard drive can crash due to a wide range of reasons. These reasons can be roughly categorized in the following kinds:
Physical Failure: A hard drive can get physically damaged by heat, moisture or shock. All of these can cause serious damage to a hard drive causing it to fail. Most of the times, inability of the fan to provide enough cooling to the hard drive owing to accumulated impurities in its filter causes heat damage to the hard drive. Water spillage on the hard drive cam cause damage due to moisture while dropping the laptop can cause shock damage to the hard drive.
Logical Failure: it is software related and does not have anything to do with physical damage. Logical damage can be caused by viruses, corrupted files and human error. Appearance of the famous blue screen of death is a clear indication of logical damage to a hard drive.
Mechanical Failure: The hard drive contains some mechanical components like the disc and the read-write head. With time, these mechanical components get deteriorated and fail causing crashed hard drivees. Clicking noises from the hard disk are a clear indication of mechanical damage.
How to know a crashed hard drive?
Physical and logical damage can be differentiated on the basis of the symptoms that lead to each. In case of a physical crashed hard drive over heating if the hard drive is a clear symptom of physical damage. Otherwise, if the hard drive stops working soon after it received a shock or had to undergo a water spillage, it is safe to say that the failure was physical. Logical crashed hard drive before actually happening, presents symptoms like slow system performance, unexpected loss of data and disk errors.
Take your hard drive to a computer repair shop and let the technical experts there determine if it can still be used after some repairing. However, if you yourself have some technical knowledge, you can determine its condition and decide if you want to keep it or throw it away.
The first thing that you should try to do is recover the data that was present on your hard drive as it can be difficult to retrieve once the condition of the hard drive worsens. The use of Recoverit Data Recovery to help you recover data from crashed hard drive befor you go to fix crashed hard drive.
Some logical errors can be solved by doing a simple format of the hard drive and then doing a clean installation of the operating system. While this trick works for simpler logical errors, high level may need a little bit more effort in getting rid of.
If the hard drive is damaged but can still be repaired, send it to a computer repair shop so that it can be taken care of. If however, you have been meaning to upgrade to a newer hard drive for some time now, you can take benefit from this opportunity and get yourself a new hard drive.
If your hard drive is still able to support the functioning of your laptop or computer, even for a limited time, try recovering the data to an external hard drive using a data recovery software like Wondershare Data Recovery. Wondershare Hard Drive Data Recovery is a reliable and effective to help you recover deleted file from cashed hard drive. It supports a wide range of file types and has two different scan modes to allow for effective scanning as per user’s requirement.
Step 1 Scan the removable crashed hard drive, click "Start" button to start scanning lost files
Step 2 The data recovery will start quick scan, if it can't get yout lost data from crashed hard drive, you can go to "All-Around Recovery" which will deepy search your hard drive.
Step 3 After scanning, you can preview recovered files. You just need to mark files you want to retrieve and click "Recover" button to save them on your computer’s partition.