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7 Solutions to Fix SSD Not Showing or Detected in Windows

Wondershare Recoverit Authors

Jun 14, 2024 • Filed to: Answer Hard Drive Problems • Proven solutions

When you open up Windows and go to "This PC", the drives displayed there are the first things you see, right? What sets them apart? Each drive has a drive letter. These letters help you identify your SSD from other drives; they also help your Windows recognize and access the SSD.

So, what happens when errors hide the SSD from Windows? Problems abound, of course: Running applications in your Windows becomes an issue while moving files between your drives are next to impossible. These occur because the drive letters that guide your OS in executing the actions are missing. Use the solutions below to fix this.

Why SSD Is Not Recognized?

Since it's already been established that SSDs can fall victim to errors, the obvious step to take is to determine what those errors are. Don't worry about fixing them for now. That will be delved into a little later. Know the errors so you can identify them when you see them, alright?

It's going to be quite ironic-and hilarious-if you plug in a brand-new SSD into your PC and see it doesn't work, won't it? The fix is simple, fortunately. You just have to initialize the SSD so it becomes usable.

The problem here could be as simple as your PC running on outdated drivers. And remember, the SSD you're connecting to your PC may be more recent than the Windows installed in it, which could make updated drivers a necessity for you to be able to even detect the SSD. You can use Windows' native "Device Manager" to update your drivers. If it comes to it, you could even use a third-party driver updater tool, but that should be your last option.

This issue is common with both HDD and SSD. Your Windows might be a little less efficient sometimes as it fails to assign a drive letter to a partition or drive. The error is mostly caused by file system issues or even with the SSD itself. Another simple way out of this issue is to assign a drive letter yourself using "Disk Management."

Did you check the connection to make sure you inserted the SSD's USB cable properly into your USB port? Make sure it's pushed in there so it's snug. Better yet, examine the cable and make sure it's not damaged. That's a likely problem too.

This problem thus has nothing to do with your Windows. It's either a hardware issue (USB cable) or a result of you being too hasty when you plug in the cable.

What's The Difference Between SSD and HDD?

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7 Solutions to SSD Not Showing up in Windows 10/11

The errors listed up there are only a few of the many that could be wreaking havoc on your SSD, so it's time to get to work. It's time to teach you amateurs how to get yourselves out of the mess you put yourselves in. Why only 7 solutions, though?

Well, 7 is a lucky number, isn't it? As pervasive as the errors affecting your SSD are, you might not need to go beyond these 7 solutions to fix the problematic SSD.

1 Fix Faulty Hardware

There's no single way to go about fixing your SSD if it's a hardware issue. Only the most effective methods will be discussed here. Do you see the error in the image below?


It's an error that pops up when your SSD is physically damaged, making it inaccessible to Windows. You can fix it by doing this:

SMART Attributes/Command Prompt/Properties

SMART is a native tool in Windows that analyzes and checks your SSD's parameters via some minor operations. If, after you analyze your SDD, you see results that show "Caution" or "Bad" or "Unknown", it's highly possible your SSD is on the verge of failing. This makes it incumbent on you to back up your data before the worst happens. Use the SMART tool by doing this:

1. Press these keys: "Windows" + "S", then type "command prompt". Once the command prompt opens up, right-click on it, and choose "Run as administrator."

2. Type this command in command prompt again: wmic diskdrive get status

If you see the "Bad" and "Caution" warning signs in the results, you know what to do, don't you? But if the results look anything like the picture below, close command prompt and move on to the next step.



3. The "chkdsk" command can solve your problem here, particularly if the problem stems from a minor error. Launch "command prompt" again and select "Run as administrator."

4. Type this command and hit "Enter" to execute it:

CHKDSK [volume [[path] filename]] [/F] [/V] [/R] [/X] [/C] [: size]]

In the command up there, [/F] will try to fix any system errors while [/R] will rectify any bad sector.


5. If both SMART and command prompt fail to do the needful, type these keys: "Windows" + "E". Go to your SSD and right-click on it.

6. Select "Properties", click on "Tools" and then select "Check". Reboot your PC once the process concludes.


A word of caution: Don't put all your eggs in one basket and expect these solutions to always work. Sometimes, the hardware damage may be so great the best solution is to take it to an expert or replace the drive itself.

2 Configure BIOS settings

1. Restart your PC and press the "F2" key (though this may vary depending on the computer brand or manufacturer) and press "Enter" to get into "Config."

2. Choose "Serial ATA" and press "Enter." You'll see "SATA Controller Mode Option". Select "IDE Compatibility Mode."


3. Save the changes you made and restart your PC to get into BIOS, which should now be able to detect your SSD.

3 Update SSD drivers

Just like any component of your PC, you can't expect your SSD to function properly if it's running on outdated drivers, can you?

1. Press the "Windows" key and type "Device Manager" in the start-up menu's search field. Click on it or hit "Enter" to launch it.

2. Go to the "Disk drives" category and expand on it, then right-click on every item under it and click on "Update driver." Once the update is through, reboot your PC.


4 Initialize New SSD Drive

1. Press the "Windows" + "R" key. The "Run" window will pop up. Type this command in its search bar: diskmgmt.msc.

2. Once you hit the "Enter" key, "Disk Management" and another prompt will open up. The latter will ask you to initialize the SSD to proceed. Choose either "MBR" or "GPT" depending on your system's motherboard and click "OK."


3. Go back to "Disk Management" and right-click on the "Volume" of your SSD. Select "Initialize Disk".

4. Once that's done, right-click on the SSD volume again and select "New Simple Volume". Follow the set of instructions you'll be given from there to assign a drive letter, type in a volume name, and define file system (whether exFAT or NTFS). Click on "Next" and your SSD will become accessible in "File Explorer."


5 Repair by Disk Management

1. Once more, start-up "Disk Management" and ascertain if the volume of your SSD is unallocated, has turned RAW, or is free. If either of these is the case, formatting the drive should easily repair the problem.

2. If your SSD is new, there's probably no data in it, so you can safely format it. Right-click on the volume of your SSD and click "Format."


3. A smaller window will pop up asking you to input particular details. You can label the partition and change the file system here.


4. The last message will pop up, warning you about data loss. Click on "OK" to format.


6 Assign or Change SSD Drive Letter

1. Go to "This PC" and right-click on it, then choose "Manage". In the "Storage" menu, select "Disk Management."

2. You will see all the SSD partitions. Go over them and pick out the one without a drive letter. Right-click on it and choose "Change Drive Letter and Paths."


3. Click on "Add", then choose any drive letter from the tiny dropdown menu. Click "OK" to end and complete the process.


7 Recover SSD Data (Recoverit Data Recovery)

Quick question: What happens when you realize the SSD you formatted still had files you need? Well, if shock doesn't freeze your mind, the first thing you'll start pondering on is how to get all that data back, isn't it?

Ponder no more, because Wondershare Recoverit data recovery software is here to save your files. As one of the leading data recovery software currently in the market, Recoverit prides itself on its ability to dig through a hard drive and recover files and data that were believed to be gone for good.

The software not only delves into each sector of a formatted or corrupt SSD, but it also executes the same function with excellent results on HDD. Recoverit was developed to cater to both Windows and macOS (there are separate versions for either operating system).

Don't fret about complex procedures or clicking multiple buttons to make Recoverit work. 3 steps are enough to get the job done. Follow them below:

Step 1: Choose a Location

select a location

Step 2: Scan the Location

scan the location

Step 3: Preview and Recover Data

So, a quick recap on how to use Recoverit: Select your SSD, scan it, preview your files and restore them to a new location.

preview and recover your deleted files

SSDs are more complex than HDDs, so it wouldn't be wise to use any average data recovery software on them. Disregard what you hear about other data recovery software and give Recoverit a spin

The features it comes loaded with means neither the capacity nor the model of your SSD will matter. The software will scan it thoroughly, then recover your files and keep them for you anywhere you want. Recoverit is surprisingly simple to use, yet it's shockingly powerful; enough reasons to use it if the need arises.

How to Protect Your SSD Drive and SSD Files?

Can it be safely assumed that your computer now uses an SSD? If your computer is still running HDD, it honestly belongs in a retirement home (along with you).

Come on, it's 2019! If you haven't upgraded your PC's storage to an SSD, what are you waiting for? Of course, getting the drive means you also have to know how to maintain it.

As durable as SSDs are, common sense should tell you to be mindful of where you place your PC-and thus, your SSD-lest you expose it to extreme heat or cold. Then again, not everyone has common sense, lol.

Make a note of this right now: Don't expose your SSD to either heat or cold for extended periods, and that entails both the summer and winter seasons.

If your PC's power cuts out or runs down while you're writing onto the drive, the data could be lost or the drive itself could end up in the funeral home. Always make sure your PC is plugged into a power source that's more reliable than a lottery number.

Even though SSDs were built to be strong, filling them up with files can eventually slow them down because they will be harboring half-filled blocks; such blocks are slower to write than empty blocks. Here's a little tip: Try not to fill up more than 75% of your SSD or you'll be trading performance for capacity.

This tip might seem counterintuitive because the whole propose of an SSD is for you to write data to it, right? Yes, but the more you erase data from your SSD, the more you exhaust its write cycle (the measure of endurance for an SSD).

Here's a simplified explanation: Your SSD is an eraser on a pencil that slowly wears away as you use it until it can't erase anymore; that's when it has reached its life expectancy. But don't let this trouble you. Your SSD will serve you for many years to come, but the less you format it or erase data from it, the longer it lasts.

It's ok to defragment mechanical hard disks but not SSDs. For one, it can spawn more extra writes that eat away at the lifespan of the SSD.

Closing Words

SSDs are justifiably more expensive than HDDs, but you still have to take care of them to extend their lifespan even further. Just because they are very capable and efficient pieces of hardware doesn't mean you should subject them to anything which can damage them. If this happens, in the end, your files will suffer more than anything else.

If, for some unavoidable reason, you do end up losing your files from your SSD, make use of Recoverit Data Recovery and get everything back. The more time you waste, the more your files remain in jeopardy, so be quick about it, yeah?

Recoverit author

Theo Lucia

chief Editor

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